Microcurrent stimulation is a non-invasive, yet highly effective treatment modality that is known to provide significant benefits to a diverse range of equine injuries and conditions. In general, microcurrent is used as a versatile recovery aid to address both acute and chronic issues, whilst helping to reduce the associated symptoms.

Much like humans, the equine body possesses an endogenous bioelectrical system that produces natural signals in different areas such as; the brain, skin, muscles, heart, etc. The endogenous electrical signals were discovered many years ago, but now, with modern techniques, the existence of these electrical pathways has become well established. These natural electric signals play a pivotal role in many fundamental processes including; wound healing and repair functions. By applying carefully selected microcurrents that can mimic these signals, healing and recovery could be enhanced for wounds, various conditions, and most types of injuries.

Microcurrent stimulation is also thought to provide a local energy related benefit to the mitochondria within the cells, which are responsible for producing around 90% of cellular energy. Electrical currents appear to provide the cells an additional resource, which in animal tissues has been shown to increase the production of ATP. This process is heavily dependent on the availability of electrons within the mitochondria and the electrochemical gradients across the mitochondrial membrane – thus offering a potential mechanism of action for the application of microcurrents in relation to ATP production.

In its simplest form, microcurrent aims to facilitate naturally occurring bioelectrical processes that are essential to the wellbeing of cells, tissues and body systems. This means that regardless of the type injury or condition, virtually all horses could gain significant benefits and improvements from using this technology.

HOW MICROCURRENT
INTERACTS WITH THE BODY

Understanding the different ways that microcurrent interacts with the body is important for establishing how this unique technology can be best utilized.

Localized Benefits:

There are a number of known localized benefits that can be gained from applying microcurrent stimulation close to the affected area. These include:

● Reduction of inflammation and associated pain.

● Increased production of ATP

● Increased ionic flow and cell membrane transport.

● Restoration of bioelectrical potentials within damaged tissues.

● Accelerated tissue healing.

Systemic Benefits:

There are also mechanisms that explain how some benefits of microcurrent appear to be derived on a systemic level i.e the microcurrent is applied to a localized area, resulting in certain benefits which can only be induced by systemically derived responses.

Afterall, when an injury occurs a number of systemic responses are normally invoked as a direct response to a localized stimulus such as the wound itself e.g. immunity responses, growth factor and mediator release, the healing cascade etc. When injuries occur, there is evidence to suggest that not only does ATP provide the vital energy needed by the cells, it also acts as a signalling molecule when released from damaged cells. The role of ATP as a signalling molecule, and its ability to initiate DAMPS (Damage Associated Molecular Patterns) has been well established, and the generation of ATP to a localized area by microcurrent stimulation provides a potential mechanism of action as to how these natural responses could be promoted.

For an improved rate of healing and enhanced tissue repair a combination of local and systematically derived actions are required, and this could be heightened further, by the application of specifically formulated microcurrents.

In practice, this means that whilst the localized placement of the electrode pads is likely to improve the therapeutic outcome, some benefits can still be gained within the body regardless of the exact pad placement positions. 

NUROKOR EQUINE IS ACTIVELY RAISING THE INDUSTRY STANDARDS FOR THE SCIENTIFIC UNDERSTANDING OF BIOELECTRONICS THROUGH THE EQUINE APPLICATION OF ADVANCED MICROCURRENT. TO FIND OUT MORE SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS, ARTICLES AND BLOG POSTS BY CLICKING HERE.

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The EquiPod Complete System is an easy to use, app controlled and portable therapeutic system for your horse. The EquiPod Utilizes an advanced form of microcurrent stimulation which aims to augment and enhance the recovery of horses suffering from a wide range of injuries and conditions.
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REFERENCES

Jerome Hunckler Achala de Mel. A current affair: electrotherapy in wound healing. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare 2017:10 179–194

BaiH,ForresterJV,Zha oM.DC electric stimulation upregulates angio-genic factors in endothelial cells through activation of VEGF receptors. Cytokine.2011;55(1):110–115.

Zhao M, Bai H, Wang E, Forrester JV, McCaig CD. Electrical stimula- tion directly induces pre-angiogenic responses in vascular endothelial cells by signaling through VEGF receptors. J Cell Sci.2004;117(Pt 3): 397–405.

Vénéreau E, Ceriotti C and Bianchi ME (2015) DAMPs from cell death to new life. Front. Immunol. 6:422. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2015.00422

Cheng, N, Van Hoof H, Bockx E, Hoogmartens MJ, Mulier JC, De Dijcker FJ, Sansen WM, De Loecker W. The effects of electric currents on ATP generation, protein synthesis, and membrane transport. Clinical Orthopaedics. 1982. 171:264-72.

Witt, H. T., Schlodder, E., and Graber, P. Membrane-bound ATP synthesis generated by an external electrical field. FEBS Lett. 69:272, 1976.

Yuan X Derya E. Arkonac DE. Pen-hsiu Grace Chao PG., and Vunjak-Novakovic G. Electrical stimulation enhances cell migration and integrative repair in the meniscus. Sci. Rep. 2014. 4:3673

Zrimec A. Jerman I., and Lahajnar G. Alternating electrical current stimulated ATP synthesis in Escherichia Coli. Cell. Mol. Biol. Lett. 2002. Vol.7. No.1